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Single Sign On (SSO)

IP Fabric includes support for single sign-on. We have opted for Dex (A Federated OpenID Connect Provider) as a key building block to allow a broader set of Identity providers (IdP).

sequenceDiagram
  IPF->>IPF: User selects SSO on the IPF login screen.
  IPF->>Dex: Redirect after starting SSO auth.
  Dex->>IdP: Dex redirects to selected and cofigured IdP.
  IdP->>IdP: User authenticates, provides MFA etc.
  IdP->>Dex: User is redirected back to Dex with code.
  Dex->>IdP: Dex fetches token from IdP.
  Dex->>IPF: Dex redirects the user back to IPF with code.
  IPF->>Dex: IPF fetches token from Dex.

Complex Configuration

Implementation of SSO configuration can be complex, and because of that, it is recommended to be configured for you by our Solution Architects. If you are unsure who your Solution Architect is, contact our Support Team.

Requirements

Certificate

Prior to configuring SSO the IP Fabric server must not be using a self-signed certificate. To create a new signed TLS certificate please see instructions located at IP Fabric Web Certificate.

Internal CA

By default, IP Fabric only trusts certificates issued by CAs listed in the node.js. If your company use certificates signed by an internal CA please reach out to your Solution Architect or open a Support ticket for further configuration in order to properly enable SSO.

CLI Access

In order to make changes to certain files you must have access to the osadmin account to log into the CLI and gain root access. For more information please see CLI Overview.

justin@ubuntu:~$ ssh osadmin@demo.ipfabric.io
osadmin@demo:~$ sudo -s
[sudo] password for osadmin:
root@demo:/home/osadmin#

API Configuration api.json

The IP Fabric API configuration is stored at /opt/nimpee/conf.d/api.json. This file needs to be created during first configuration as it does not exist in the default image. It will also be persistent during upgrades and will not be changed. Below is a full example of the api.json config file.

{
  "app": {
    "url": "https://<FQDN>/api"
  },
  "web": {
    "url": "https://<FQDN>"
  },
  "dex": {
    "url": "https://<FQDN>/dex",
    "providers": [
      {
        "name": "sso",
        "clientId": "ipfabric",
        "clientSecret": "<RANDOM_SECRET>",
        "roleAssignments": [
          {
            "groupName": "any",
            "roleId": null
          },
          {
            "groupName": "admin",
            "roleId": "admin"
          },
          {
            "groupName": "read",
            "roleId": "2356575453"
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}

Changing Default Token Expiration

In this file you can also change the default token expiration of 30 minutes for accessToken and 24 hours for refreshToken. If you would like to learn more about this please visit API Authentication.

URL Configuration

Inside the app, web, dex configuration the url field needs to be updated with the FQDN of the IP Fabric system.

The dex: url must match ipf-dex.yaml issuer URL.

Example:

{
  "app": {
    "url": "https://demo.ipfabric.io/api"
  },
  "web": {
    "url": "https://demo.ipfabric.io"
  },
  "dex": {
    "url": "https://demo.ipfabric.io/dex"
  }
}

Providers Configuration

The providers sections have to contain at least one SSO provider (which corresponds to staticClient in the Dex configuration).

{
  "dex": {
    "providers": [
      {
        "name": "sso",
        "clientId": "ipfabric",
        "clientSecret": "jqv-W_khLSwJdJMHCjhJefyu-QdeXq9kcz8sAfMrO1Q",
        "roleAssignments": [
          {
            "groupName": "any",
            "roleId": null
          },
          {
            "groupName": "admin",
            "roleId": "admin"
          },
          {
            "groupName": "read",
            "roleId": "2356575453"
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}
  • name - User defined name of the Identity Provider (IdP) displayed in GUI
    • Can only contain a-z0-9_. Do not use uppercase.
    • Used in ipf-dex.yaml for redirectURIs under staticClients
    • This name will be displayed on the login page of the GUI. This name will be capitalized (sso -> Sso) therefore it is recommended to use names such as azure or okta.
    • SSO Button
  • clientId - User defined value (suggested to leave as ipfabric)
  • clientSecret - User defined value for a shared secret between IP Fabric and Dex only.
    • Can be randomly created for instance using Python: python -c "import secrets; print(secrets.token_urlsafe())"
    • Used in ipf-dex.yaml for secret under staticClients
  • roleAssignments - An array of objects.
    • Objects are in the format of {groupName: string, roleId: string | null }
      • groupName - The name of the group that is configured on the SSO side.
        • any will provide default access to any user.
        • Multiple mappings with the same groupName will get merged (so the user will receive all corresponding roles on IP Fabric side).
      • roleId - The ID of the IP Fabric role.
        • A value of null will provide no access.
        • Please do not confuse roleId with roleName as these are different values. roleId must be retrieved using browser Developer Tools or using the API (example below). Feature has been opened to allow for roleName.

Example to find roleId:

Role ID

SSO Configuration ipf-dex.yaml

While Dex supports various connectors, we strongly recommend using OpenID Connect (OIDC) for SSO integration (Azure uses a special microsoft connector and an example is provided below along with SAML). Please, check official Dex documentation for their overview.

Dex configuration is located at /etc/ipf-dex.yaml on the IP Fabric appliance. It has several configuration sections and a full example of the file is located below. Please note that OIDC, SAML, and Azure have different syntax’s for the connectors configuration portion, which are covered separately.

# /etc/ipf-dex.yaml
# example config in both devOps/etc/ipf-dex.yaml and devOps-install/install/ipf-dex.yaml
issuer: https://<FQDN>/dex

staticClients:
  - id: ipfabric
    redirectURIs:
      - "https://<FQDN>/api/<API_VERSION>/auth/external/<API-DEX-PROVIDERS-NAME>"
    name: IP Fabric
    secret: <RANDOM_SECRET>

storage:
  type: memory

logger:
  level: debug

web:
  http: 127.0.0.1:5556

telemetry:
  http: 127.0.0.1:5558

grpc:
  addr: 127.0.0.1:5557

oauth2:
  skipApprovalScreen: true

connectors:
  - type: oidc
    id: sso_oidc
    name: SSO OIDC
    config:
      issuer: <SSO_ISSUER>
      redirectURI: https://<FQDN>/dex/callback
      clientID: <SSO_CLIENT_ID>
      clientSecret: <SSO_CLIENT_SECRET>
      getUserInfo: true
      insecureEnableGroups: true
      scopes:
        - openid
        - profile
        - email
        - groups

Leave Default Values

The following lines should be left to the default values:

storage:
  type:
    memory

logger:
  level: debug

web:
  http: 127.0.0.1:5556

telemetry:
  http: 127.0.0.1:5558

grpc:
  addr: 127.0.0.1:5557

Issuer

Dex configuration has at the very top attribute called issuer. This needs to be configured to be equal to the url in api.json under dex .

For example:

issuer: https://demo.ipfabric.io/dex

Skip Approval Screen

The following lines of configuration controls if you would like a “Grant Access” screen to be presented to your users on every login. By setting it to true this will not display the below message.

oauth2:
  skipApprovalScreen: true

Grant Access

Static Clients

Section staticClients contains configuration for the IP Fabric portal, which acts as a client to dex.

staticClients:
  - id: ipfabric
    redirectURIs:
      - "https://demo.ipfabric.io/api/v5.0/auth/external/sso"
    name: IP Fabric
    secret: jqv-W_khLSwJdJMHCjhJefyu-QdeXq9kcz8sAfMrO1Q
  • id - Unique ID of the client within Dex configuration.
    • Found in api.json for clientId under providers
  • redirectURIs - Full path to the callback endpoint of the IP Fabric client.
    • It is in the format of https://<FQDN>/api/<API_VERSION>/auth/external/<API-DEX-PROVIDERS-NAME>
    • API-DEX-PROVIDERS-NAME is found in api.json for name under providers.
      • Can only contain a-z0-9_. Do not use uppercase.
    • Please, be aware of the API_VERSION property.
      • Updated with every major IPF release (i.e. after IP Fabric is upgraded to v5.5 leaving the URL at v5.0 will not cause any issues).
      • Unlike other API calls this has to be set with v{major}.{minor} and cannot use v{major} (/api/v5/auth will not work; must be /api/v5.0/auth)
      • This will require manual changes when going from v5.0 -> v6.0.
  • name - Arbitrary name of the client.
  • secret - User defined secret
    • Found in api.json for clientSecret under providers
    • It is a shared secret between IP Fabric and Dex only.

Config File Mapping

Here is a nice illustration on how the /opt/nimpee/conf.d/api.json values map to /etc/ipf-dex.yaml:

JSON yaml mapping

OpenID Connect (OIDC)

Please review the Dex documentation on OIDC for all configuration options and potential caveats.

Well-known Configuration

Many of the variables required can be found in the OIDC well-known configuration endpoint for example take a look at Google: .well-known/openid-configuration.

connectors:
  - type: oidc
    id: sso_oidc
    name: SSO OIDC
    config:
      issuer: <SSO_ISSUER>
      redirectURI: https://<FQDN>/dex/callback
      clientID: <SSO_CLIENT_ID>
      clientSecret: <SSO_CLIENT_SECRET>
      getUserInfo: true
      insecureEnableGroups: true
      scopes:
        - openid
        - profile
        - email
        - groups
      claimMapping:
        groups: roles
  • type - Dex connector type.
  • id - User defined arbitrary ID (not used anywhere).
  • name - User defined arbitrary name (not used anywhere).
  • redirectURI - issuer URL with /callback appended at the end.
  • getUserInfo - When enabled, the OpenID Connector will query the UserInfo endpoint for additional claims.
  • insecureEnableGroups - Groups claims only refresh when the id token is refreshed meaning the regular refresh flow doesn’t update the groups claim. As such by default the oidc connector doesn’t allow groups claims. If you are okay with having potentially stale group claims you can use this option to enable groups claims through the oidc connector on a per-connector basis.
  • clientID - A client ID configured or generated on the Identity Provider.
  • clientSecret - A client secret configured or generated on the Identity. Provider.
  • scopes - A list of scopes to return from the Identity Provider.
    • The ones listed above are the most common however these can differ provider to provider.
    • Scopes are normally found in the .well-known/openid-configuration which is discussed in the OIDC section.
  • claimMapping - Some providers return non-standard claims (i.e. roles) use claimMapping to map those claims to standard claims.

Azure

Azure

Please review the Dex documentation on Azure for all configuration options and potential caveats as Azure requires special configuration for proper enablement.

connectors:
  - type: microsoft
    id: sso_azure
    name: SSO Azure
    config:
      clientID: <SSO_CLIENT_ID>
      clientSecret: <SSO_CLIENT_SECRET>
      redirectURI: https://<FQDN>/dex/callback
      tenant: <TENANT_ID>
      scopes:
        - openid
        - profile
        - email
        - groups
      claimMapping:
        groups: roles
  • type - Dex connector type.
  • id - User defined arbitrary ID (not used anywhere).
  • name - User defined arbitrary name (not used anywhere).
  • redirectURI - issuer URL with /callback appended at the end.
  • tenant - UUID or Name of specific tenant accounts belong to.
    • Required in order to obtain groups claim from Azure
  • clientID - A client ID configured or generated on the Identity Provider.
  • clientSecret - A client secret configured or generated on the Identity. Provider.
  • scopes - A list of scopes to return from the Identity Provider.
    • The ones listed above are the most common however these can differ provider to provider.
    • Scopes are normally found in the .well-known/openid-configuration which is discussed in the OIDC section.
  • claimMapping - Some providers return non-standard claims (i.e. roles) use claimMapping to map those claims to standard claims.

SAML Connector

Please review the Dex documentation on SAML for all configuration options and potential caveats.

connectors:
  - type: saml
    id: sso_saml
    name: SSO SAML
    config:
      ssoURL: <SSO_URL>
      ssoIssuer: <SSO_ISSUER>
      redirectURI: https://<FQDN>/dex/callback
      caData: "LS0t ... 0tLS0tCg=="
      # ca: /path/to/file
      usernameAttr: name
      emailAttr: email
      groupsAttr: groups
      nameIDPolicyFormat: emailAddress
  • type - Dex connector type.
  • id - User defined arbitrary ID (not used anywhere).
  • name - User defined arbitrary name (not used anywhere).
  • redirectURI - issuer URL with /callback appended at the end.
  • ssoURL - SSO URL used for POST value.
  • ssoIssuer - Optional: Issuer value expected in the SAML response.
  • Pick and use one option to validate the signature of the SAML response:
    • caData - Base64 encoded certification chain
    • ca - File location of containing certification chain
  • usernameAttr - Maps SAML name value to IP Fabric’s username
  • emailAttr - Maps SAML email value to IP Fabric’s email
  • groupsAttr - Maps SAML groups value to IP Fabric’s groupName
  • nameIDPolicyFormat - The connector uses the value of the NameID element as the user’s unique identifier which dex assumes is both unique and never changes. Use the nameIDPolicyFormat to ensure this is set to a value which satisfies these requirements.

Restarting Services

After making changes to the /opt/nimpee/conf.d/api.json it is required to restart the API service:

systemctl restart nimpee-api.service

Consequently, after making changes to /etc/ipf-dex.yaml the Dex service needs to be restarted:

systemctl restart ipf-dex.service